blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
blank.gif (65 Byte)
Johann Strauß
Strauß, Johann, the Younger, b. Vienna, Oct. 25, 1825, d. Vienna, June 3, 1899, composer, musical director. "Waltz King of Vienna", son of Johann Strauß the Elder, brother of Josef Strauß and Eduard Strauß. Though his father wished him to pursue a non-musical profession, his mother Anna (née Streim) promoted his talent emphatically. After theoretical and composition studies with the musical director of St. Stephen´s Cathedral,
J. Drechsler, he acquired a "musical license" allowing him to establish his own orchestra. On Oct. 15, 1844 successful debut with his orchestra at the Viennese restaurant "Dommayers Casino"; soon became his father´s most significant rival. Merged the two orchestras after his father´s death 1849. Despite his great popularity it was a long time before he was awarded the title "Director of the Imperial Court Balls" (1863) because of alleged subversive activities in the revolutionary period. He was succeeded in this function by his brother Eduard Strauß. An extensive concert tour across Europe (from 1856) triggered outbursts of enthusiasm, which were to be repeated on his tour through the USA 1872. S. was married 3 times (Henriette Treffz, Ernestine Henriette Angelika Dittrich, Adele Strauß, née Deutsch); was a close friend of J. Brahms.

Impressed by the performances of Offenbach´s operettas at the Vienna "Carltheater", he began to compose stage works, calling them "comic operas", not "operettas". His first operetta was premiered in 1871. "The Bat" ("Fledermaus"), 1874 and "The Gypsy Baron" ("Zigeunerbaron"), 1885 mark the peak of the golden age of operetta with S. as its principal composer. S. based his operettas on popular dance melodies (waltz, galop, polka, march, csárdás); the poor quality of his librettos and growing competition, however, frequently prevented their immediate success. S. raised Biedermeier dance music to the level of high art - not only the Viennese waltz, which was often difficult, if not impossible to dance because of their slow introductions and excessive length, but also other dances such as the polka, the galop, the quadrille and the march. The rapid spread of Strauss´s Viennese waltzes is largely responsible for the fact that Austria has been directly associated with this kind of music to this day (the "Blue Danube Waltz", 1867, is considered Austria´s "unofficial anthem").
Johann Strauß: Die Fledermaus(The Bat)
For Johann Strauß (1825 - Vienna - 1899) styling (Illustration: the middle-aged Strauß) and image were as important as they are for stars today. His unchanging appearance became a trademark of a culture of discerning entertainment. The society of the 19th c handled crisis situations better if there was also relief in the form of dance, opera and operetta occasionaly with extravagant music and scenery. This waltz from the overture to Fledermaus in particular (1874) demonstrates Strauß' technic of adding ever new themes to his delicate, melodious phrases along with transparent harmonies that also include nuances such as sections in minor keys. Nobody wanted to miss the feeling of apparently never-ending movement in a lighthearted mood.(M. Saary)
© Sound: 1993 TELDEC Classics International GmbH 4509-91974-2, Artists: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Text source in extracts:
aeiou - das kulturinformationssystem des bm:bwk
14.000 keywords and 2000 images from Austrian history, geography, politics and economics
post to a friend print nach oben top of page
Views of Vienna
Aqua Terra Zoo
Belvedere Palace
Danube Tower
Hundertwasser House
Mozart's Apartment
Museum of
Military History

Spanish Court
Riding School

Parliament Building
(Giant Ferris Wheel)

Schönbrunn Palace
State Opera
St. Stephen’s Cathedral
Zoo Vienna
Siege of Vienna 1529
Battle of Vienna 1683
Maria Theresia
W. A. Mozart
Ludwig v. Beethoven
Battle of Aspern 1809
Battle of Wagram 1809
Congress of Vienna
Johann Strauß
Franz Joseph I
Sisi - Empress Elisabeth
Sisi Part 2
Austro-Hungary Empire
Sigmund Freud
Anschluß 1938
Bombing of Vienna
Flak towers
Vienna Offensive 1945
State Treaty
Summit 1961
OPEC raid 1975
SALT II treaty 1979
Austromir 1991
General Information
Public Facilities
Art, culture
and science

State Constitution
Austrian Armed Forces
The Third Man
Viennese Schnitzel
Wiener Hafen
Twin City Liner
Vienna Airport
UNO City
U.S. Embassy
blank.gif (65 Byte)
Internet Portal

Praterstrasse 33/20
A-1020 Vienna
Tel: +43/01/9580808
Fax: +43/01/9580909
FN 200659 m
ATU 50515900
Informationspflicht lt. E-Commerce-Gesetz (ECG)
WIEN-VIENNA.AT associates itself with a liberal, tolerant, cosmopolitan, ecumenical and politically neutral world view.
Diversity of information and the support of free formation of opinion for people of every age, every social levels, cultures, denominations and political orientations are matters of concern for us.
WIEN-VIENNA.AT is a link and information platform with the aim to inform about Vienna while at the same time creating a collection of links from official and private Vienna-related internet pages. We strive to maximise the density of the presented information about Vienna. In part, contents of this link and information platform originate from websites about Vienna. Images and texts where the author is known are provided with an acknowledgement and a link to the respective site. In case of breached property rights with certain images, we kindly ask you to notify us and we will remove the respective images or excerpts from the platform or we will add an appropriate acknowledgement of ownership.
design by gaube - 2003