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In modern times, the population growth of the city has always been defined by immigration. At the turn of the century, it was the Czechs, above all, who came to Vienna, but also members from a variety of ethnic and denominational groups from every part of the monarchy. As a result of political demarcation after 1918, the hinterland was reduced drastically and became restricted to the east region (Lower Austria and Burgenland) up to the 1960s (advent of the foreign workers’ recruitment). Although the urban area increased (1910: 278km², since 1954 414.95km²), Vienna’s population decreased continually from the First World War (1910: 2,083,630 inhabitants). Due to emigration in the interwar years as well as expulsion and extermination of the Jewish community resident in some districts (predominantly the Leopoldstadt) after 1938, the drop between 1934 (1,935,881 inhabitants) and 1951 (1,616,125 inhabitants) was particularly high. Neither the naturalisation of German speaking refugees, mainly from the Sudeten countries, nor the migration from other Austrian federal states could compensate for this loss of population. A slight increase in population from 1951-1961 and a marginal decrease until 1971 were followed by another sharp decline between 1971 (1,619,885 inhabitants) and 1981 (1,531,346 inhabitants). During the 1980s the population increased slightly at first and in the 1990s (1991: 1,539,848 inhabitants) a trend in population growth was noticeable; from 1,611,859 (1992) to 1,636,399 inhabitants (1995). To a small extent, this development is due to a slight increase in births since 1991. Most significant gains were due to migration from other federal states as well as the immigration of foreigners varying in the different districts. In 1995, 6841 foreigners living in Vienna acquired Austrian citizenship. Altogether there were 280,811 registered foreigners and convention refugees living in Vienna at the end of 1991; at the end of 1995 there were 300,675. In 1995, 91,620 of them originated from former Yugoslavia, 52,095 from Turkey and 19,421 from Poland. In 1991, around one fifth (19.6%) of the Austrian population were living in Vienna. Although the population census of 1991 showed Vienna had the lowest percentage of children in all the federal states (13.9% children up to 15 years; Austrian total: 17.4%; average number of children per woman: 1.48), the slight increase in the birth rate since 1981 has made the base of the age pyramid a little wider.
Viennese is a declining Austrian vernacular and mainly spoken by lower social stratums. In view of Vienna’s high proportion of the Austrian total population as well as the status of its inhabitants as residents of the political, economic and cultural centre, the Viennese have played an important part in the stereotype which is clichéd abroad as “typically Austrian”. The Viennese are, for example, inclined, towards cosiness (Gemütlichkeit) and enjoyment of life, artistic talent (notably in music), but also towards grumbling.

The Viennese output of music is of international prominence (opera, operetta, Wiener Walzer). Also famous are Viennese cuisine with its many characteristic dishes (partly from the Bohemian area), the Viennese coffee house culture, Viennese achievements in medicine, psychotherapy, the economic sciences and architecture, as well as in the field of modern communal and welfare institutions.
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14.000 keywords and 2000 images from Austrian history, geography, politics and economics
Historical population
Due to industrialization and immigration from other parts of the Empire, the population of Vienna increased sharply during its time as capital of Austria-Hungary (1867-1918). However, after World War I, many Czechs and Hungarians returned to their ancestral countries, resulting in a decline in the Viennese population. At the height of the immigration, about one third of the people living in Vienna were of Slavic or Hungarian descent. By 2001, only 16% of people living in Vienna had nationalities other than Austrian, nearly half of which were from the former Yugoslavia; the next most numerous nationalities in Vienna were Turkish (39,000 or 2.5%), Polish (13,600 or 0.9%) and German (12,700 or 0.8%).
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Wikipedia is a free encyclopedia with more than 100 languages, where everyone can contribute with their knowledge
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Views of Vienna
Aqua Terra Zoo
Belvedere Palace
Danube Tower
Hundertwasser House
Mozart's Apartment
Museum of
Military History

Spanish Court
Riding School

Parliament Building
(Giant Ferris Wheel)

Schönbrunn Palace
State Opera
St. Stephen’s Cathedral
Zoo Vienna
Siege of Vienna 1529
Battle of Vienna 1683
Maria Theresia
W. A. Mozart
Ludwig v. Beethoven
Battle of Aspern 1809
Battle of Wagram 1809
Congress of Vienna
Johann Strauß
Franz Joseph I
Sisi - Empress Elisabeth
Sisi Part 2
Austro-Hungary Empire
Sigmund Freud
Anschluß 1938
Bombing of Vienna
Flak towers
Vienna Offensive 1945
State Treaty
Summit 1961
OPEC raid 1975
SALT II treaty 1979
Austromir 1991
General Information
Public Facilities
Art, culture
and science

State Constitution
Austrian Armed Forces
The Third Man
Viennese Schnitzel
Wiener Hafen
Twin City Liner
Vienna Airport
UNO City
U.S. Embassy
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