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Vienna is Austria’s economic centre: in 1991, 744,516 people were employed by 71,000 (1981: 66,127) small and medium-sized enterprises; that’s approximately a quarter of Austria’s jobholders, of which 701,052 were employees. At 18,317 places of work (26%) there are no jobholders (family enterprises), some 46% (32,796) hold 1-4 employed jobholders. Among the major companies there are 73% with under 20 employees, 1.5% more than 100 and only 142 large firms employ more than 500 people. The percentage of immigrants among the employed jobholders declined between 1991 and 1993 from 13.3% to 12.6%; the unemployment rate constituted 7.2% in 1993. The most important employer in Vienna is the service sector with approximately 75% (555,008) of the Viennese jobholders and 85% (60,157) of the workplaces. Although the overall recession of the manufacturing sector and industry affected Vienna, 8081 workplaces were allotted to 135,964 jobholders in 1991 which still makes Vienna the most significant industrial location in Austria. From 1991-1992 the number of Vienna’s industrial firms dropped by 77, the number of industrial employees decreased by 3753; in 1993, another 6740 workplaces in this sector dwindled away. There are also many companies outside of Vienna with their business management office based in Vienna; a total of 45% of Austrian industry is controlled from Vienna. Industrial diversity is typical as well as the production of consumer-oriented and high grade quality end products. Of prime importance is metal production and processing with 74,278 employees in 2926 companies; ranking second is the food and drinks production with 16,769 employees (907 companies), and in third place the printing industry which employs 12,773 (931 companies). Other important areas are the production and processing of chemical products, rubber and petroleum, the production and processing of synthetics, engine-, steel-, and vehicle construction as well as iron- and hardware production; the construction trade accounts for 48,573 employees. The production value in the years 1991-1993 increased from 133 billion shillings to 136 billion shillings (+1.8%). In 1991 the industry of Vienna employed 121,504 people in 13,907 companies. In agriculture, only 5025 people (factory owners, family members, permanent labourers) were employed in 1281 enterprises in 1991. By 1993 (micro census) this number had dropped to 4700. Vitally important for the regional and the overall Austrian economy are the Vienna Fairs (trade and public fairs, for example the Vienna International Spring Fair, Interieur, IFABO, Auto-Salon & Zweirad).
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aeiou - das kulturinformationssystem des bm:bwk
14.000 keywords and 2000 images from Austrian history, geography, politics and economics
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Views of Vienna
Aqua Terra Zoo
Belvedere Palace
Danube Tower
Hundertwasser House
Mozart's Apartment
Museum of
Military History

Spanish Court
Riding School

Parliament Building
(Giant Ferris Wheel)

Schönbrunn Palace
State Opera
St. Stephen’s Cathedral
Zoo Vienna
Siege of Vienna 1529
Battle of Vienna 1683
Maria Theresia
W. A. Mozart
Ludwig v. Beethoven
Battle of Aspern 1809
Battle of Wagram 1809
Congress of Vienna
Johann Strauß
Franz Joseph I
Sisi - Empress Elisabeth
Sisi Part 2
Austro-Hungary Empire
Sigmund Freud
Anschluß 1938
Bombing of Vienna
Flak towers
Vienna Offensive 1945
State Treaty
Summit 1961
OPEC raid 1975
SALT II treaty 1979
Austromir 1991
General Information
Public Facilities
Art, culture
and science

State Constitution
Austrian Armed Forces
The Third Man
Viennese Schnitzel
Wiener Hafen
Twin City Liner
Vienna Airport
UNO City
U.S. Embassy
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